Brethren Churches follow in every aspect the churches of the origins as described in the New Testament but as a denomination they had their origin at Plymouth, England, around the year 1830, when a group of Pastors from the Anglican Church, with the purpose of living their Christian spirituality more truly and deeply, started meeting up regularly to study the Holy Scriptures, pray and preach.
Their meetings were characterized by simplicity, absence of ecclesiastical hierarchy, freedom, openness to others and for such reasons they were lately simply called, using a scriptural expression, “Brothers”.
Their adherence to the biblical message led them to spread the evangelical truths and to actively engage in helping the needy through social works such as the foundations of orphanages and schools.
Very soon the movement spread beyond Great Britain and developed in Italy, during the Italian Risorgimento, through the work of Count Piero Guicciardini from Florence and the poet Teodorico Pietrocola Rossetti from Vasto, at first in Piemonte, Tuscany and Puglia and later on in all other Italian regions.
It is reported that to Bologna came a Bernardo Rettani, “colporte” namely popularizer of Bibles, who was victim of a popular uprising fomented by the Clergy in 1860 but succeeded in founding a church in 1862. Another community started in the same years in Bologna through the work of a Pompeo Rossi.
While taking into account that (as recorded in the documents of the time) in the 17th century there were in Bologna about four thousand people who regularly read the Bible regardless of the Clergy’s prohibitions and threats, we can at any rate state that the Brethren Church is the most ancient evangelical community in our town.
Brethren Churches consider the Bible the inspired word of God and the only authority in the fields of faith and behavior. They believe in a unique and triune God, in the saving value of the work performed by Jesus Christ on the cross, in the eternal salvation by grace through faith, in the necessity of manifesting faith through good works, in the value of submitting and consecrating to the principles of the Gospel and in an eternal life awaiting every man after God’s judgement.
It is a church of professing people, namely made up by people who have become members of it after a personal conversion to God and to his son Jesus Christ.
As in every church, Sunday Services and midweek meetings are open to everybody.